If your hardwood floor has been previously oiled or coated in wax then you will most likely need to sand it down in order to re-finish. Similarly, if your hardwood floor has deep scratches then it will likely need a good sanding to get the damage out so you can re-finish your floor. Sanding your floor is a loud, messy and time-consuming job, which is why it is always ideal to hire a professional wood floor sanding company. Regardless of whether you hire a company or do it yourself, here are the basic steps for sanding your hardwood floors.
Step 1: Remove the Base Shoe
The base shoe is the bottom portion of your crown moulding. You will want to carefully remove all of the baseboards in the room. You will be re-installing once the job is done but it needs to be removed so you don’t accidentally scuff it up.
Step 2: Clean the Floor
Using a professional floor cleaning substance, try to get out any stains as best as you can. Typically, pet stains are permanent so you will most likely not be able to remove them from the floor.
Step 3: Know Your Floor Sanding Machines
If you are doing the work yourself, you will need to rent a drum sander to handle the bulk of the work as well as an edger to do the corners and areas along the wall.
Step 4: Prepare the Room
This step includes the obvious such as moving out all your furniture, putting plastic down, nailing in nails that are sticking out, raising any low hanging light fixtures, etc.
Step 5: Begin Sanding the Main Section
Use the drum sander to begin sanding. Try to keep your movements going from left to right and keep an even pressure. Never leave the sander sitting in one spot as this could cause a sander burn on your floor.
Step 6: Begin Edging
Once the main part of the room is looking nice and smooth, get the edger and work the floor by the walls. This tool may look simple to use but it will take some practice before you can get good at it. Go slowly and try to keep everything even.
Step 7: Scrape Out the Corners
Using a carbide paint scraper, begin working the corners to scrape off the old finish.
Step 8: Clean Up
Not only will you want to clean up once you are finished sanding but you will also want to clean up in between grit papers. When you move from a 40 grit to a 60 grit for example, make sure you clean up. If you don’t, you may end up scratching your floor pretty badly.
That is basically a quick overview of the sanding process. At this point, you will be ready for screening, buffing and finishing the rest of your floor.